After Sicily, Sardinia is the second largest island in Italy, as well as the entire Mediterranean. Sardinia was also conquered often, but here they were able to resist more.
The ancient Romans renamed the mountainous interior region of Sardinia, Barbagia, because they never succeeded in conquering it, much like what happened with the Barbarians.
Unique to Sardinia are “Nuraghi” – short, upside-down, cone-shaped stone buildings dating back to 2,000 BC, whose function is still not clear; there are more than 7,000 of them remaining throughout the island. They do not exist in any other part of Italy and Europe.
The Sardinian climate, especially on the coasts, is very windy, but agriculture is shielded by the hills and plateaus that characterize the entire region, except for the great Campidano Plain, in the south near Cagliari, the region’s capital.
Today, Sardinia is a major tourist destination; its turquoise sea rivals the Caribbean or Thailand. As such, it has a growing economy and has seen a recent increase in high-quality wine production featuring a pair of very good indigenous grapes – the thick, red Cannonau, and the aromatic, white Vermentino.